The banking system in Malaysia includes commercial banks, investment banks and Islamic financial institutions. Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) is the country’s central bank and acts as the regulator of banking industry. As of May 2018, the gross international reserves of BNM reached over US$103 billion including US$97 billion in foreign currency reserves and US$1.6 billion in gold reserves. There are 18 Islamic domestic and foreign banks operating in the country. The largest conventional banks (Maybank, CIMB, RHB, Public Bank, Hong Leong and AmBank) have Islamic bank subsidiaries. The largest foreign banks (UOB, OCBC Bank, HSBC, Standard Chartered, Citibank, MUFG Bank, JPMorgan Chase) also offer Islamic products and services. The Malaysian banking institutions operate through over 2,000 branches across the country.
Founded in 1960 and headquartered in Kuala Lumpur, Malayan Banking Berhad (or Maybank) is the largest bank in Malaysia by assets, deposits, loans, market capitalization, number of employees and branches. It is also one of the leading Islamic banks in the world. It offers a full array of banking products and services to retail, corporate, and institutional customers. The Bank’s key markets are Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. With over 43,000 employees, the company operates about 2,500 offices across 20 countries comprising all ASEAN markets. As at December 31, 2018, it posted total assets of US$195 billion, gross deposits of US$136 billion, loans of US$125.5 billion and shareholders' equity of US$18.1 billion. Revenue and net profit reached US$5.7 billion and US$1.95 billion for FY 2018. Maybank’s market capitalization was US$24 billion as of May 10, 2019.
CIMB Group Holdings Berhad is the second-largest banking group in Malaysia, with total assets of US$128.5 billion, total deposits of US$90 billion and funds under management of US$20 billion. It is also one of the largest Islamic and investment banks in Asia. With about 14 million clients, the company employs 36,000 people and operates through a network of approximately 800 branches. CIMB is a leading ASEAN bank with a presence in 16 markets including Southeast Asian countries as well as China, India, Hong Kong, South Korea, the UK and the United States. CIMB Group Holdings has Baa1 long-term credit rating from Moody’s with stable outlook. CIMB Investment Bank and CIMB Bank are rated A3 by Moody’s and A- by Standard & Poor's.
Public Bank Bhd
Located in Kuala Lumpur, Public Bank Berhad is the third largest bank in the country with a focus on retail customers and small and medium-sized enterprises. With over 18,500 employees, it operates through 260 branches and 2,000 self-service terminals nationwide as well as through 80 branches in Hong Kong, 30 in Cambodia, 14 in Vietnam, 3 in Sri Lanka, 4 in Laos, and 4 in China. The company offers retail and corporate banking, investment banking, Islamic banking, trustee and brokerage services, bancassurance, mobile and online banking and more. As of March 31, 2019, it reported US$103 billion in total assets, US$84 billion in total deposits, US$78 billion in loans and US$10.3 billion in total equity.
RHB Bank Berhad is one of the top 5 financial institutions in Malaysia. The key segments are retail banking, business & transaction banking, wholesale banking, insurance, shariah business, international banking, and Singapore business operations. Wholesale segment comprises corporate and investment banking, treasury & global markets, asset management and private equity. The Group’s main subsidiaries are RHB Investment Bank, RHB Islamic Bank and RHB Insurance. With more than 14,400 employees, the company operates through over 330 branches and offices (including conventional and Islamic branches) and 2,400 self-service terminals including ATMs, cash deposit machines (CDM), coin deposit machines, cheque deposit machines and cash recycler machines. Total assets reached US$58.5 billion in the fourth quarter 2018.
Hong Leong Bank
Founded in 1905, Hong Leong Bank (HLB) is a subsidiary of Hong Leong Financial Group. The Bank operates through an extensive network of over 300 branches distributed throughout the country. HLB was the first Malaysian bank to enter the Chinese banking sector. Hong Leong Bank is listed on Bursa Malaysia with a market capitalization of US$10.2 billion as of May 2019.
AmBank Group is one of the top 10 banks in Malaysia with assets US$37 billion and shareholders' equity of US$4.1 billion. The Group’s brands include AmBank, AmInvest, AmBank Islamic, AmMetLife and others. With workforce of more than 9,500 employees, the company provides personal and business baking, Islamic and online banking as well as life insurance, general insurance, family Takaful, stock and futures broking, asset management, REIT (real estate investment trust) and more. Established in August 1975 as Arab-Malaysian Development Bank, the firm currently provides conventional and Islamic services to about 3 million clients. The distribution channels include over 170 branches, 764 automated teller machines (ATMs) and 11 regional offices.
United Overseas Bank (Malaysia) Bhd is the largest foreign bank in Malaysia. Established in 1993, it was merged with Lee Wah Bank to operate as a single entity. Today, it maintains 45 branches nationwide and provides a wide range of products and services including various deposit products, bancassurance, credit cards, personal and business loans, investment banking, cash management, treasury and trade services, wealth management, general and life insurance, asset and ship finance, structured finance, foreign exchange, payment services and much more. The company has customer deposits of about US$22 billion. UOB Malaysia operates as a subsidiary of United Overseas Bank Limited, a Singaporean banking giant with offices in most Southeast Asian countries.
Bank Rakyat (Bank Kerjasama Rakyat Malaysia Berhad) is the leading Islamic cooperative bank. It was established in 1954 and operates an extensive network of 150 branches, 21 Rakyat Xcess (mini-branches), about 1,000 ATMs, cash deposit machines and CICO terminals; and 114 Ar-Rahnu XChange, a franchise which offers Islamic pawn broking services. As at December 2017, the Bank’s Facebook page recorded 174,000 fans, and Twitter and Instagram profiles registered 745,000 and 12,900 followers, respectively. For the financial year 2018, Rakyat recorded net profit of US$300 million, total assets of US$25.7 billion and customer deposits of US$20 billion.
OCBC Bank (Malaysia)
OCBC Bank (Malaysia) Berhad, headquartered in Kuala Lumpur, is one of the biggest foreign banks in the country by deposits, loans, assets, number of branches and employees. It provides high-quality customer services in the following areas: business and investment banking, retail and Islamic banking, transaction banking and treasury. OCBC Al-Amin offers a broad array of unrivalled Islamic financial products and services to meet the needs of Muslims. OCBC Bank (Malaysia) operates as a subsidiary of Singaporean giant Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation Ltd, the second largest banking group in Southeast Asia and one of the most highly-rated banks in the world.
HSBC Bank Malaysia
HSBC Bank Malaysia Berhad is the third largest foreign bank and the tenth largest among all Malaysian banks by assets. With about 70 branches and 4,000 employees, it provides a wide array of personal and commercial banking products and services, Islamic banking, nominee services, wealth management and capital market products. HSBC Amanah Malaysia is the largest foreign Islamic bank in Malaysia by number of branches. It is also the second most profitable foreign Islamic bank and the sixth largest among all Islamic banks in the country. The company is headquartered at No. 2, Leboh Ampang, 50100, Kuala Lumpur.
List of Foreign Banks in Malaysia
Here is a list of list of foreign licensed banks operating in Malaysia.
BNP Paribas Malaysia
Bangkok Bank Berhad
Bank of America Malaysia
Bank of China (Malaysia)
China Construction Bank (Malaysia)
Deutsche Bank (Malaysia)
HSBC Bank Malaysia Berhad
India International Bank (Malaysia)
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (Malaysia)
J.P. Morgan Chase Bank
MUFG Bank (Malaysia)
Mizuho Bank (Malaysia)
OCBC Bank (Malaysia)
Standard Chartered Bank Malaysia
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation Malaysia
The Bank of Nova Scotia Berhad
United Overseas Bank (Malaysia) Bhd
Representative Offices of Foreign Banks in Malaysia
Australia and New Zealand Banking Group
Societe Generale Corporate and Investment Banking
The Bank of East Asia
ICICI Bank Limited
Kanbawza Bank Limited
Himalayan Bank Limited
NMB Bank Limited
DBS Bank Ltd
Svenska Handelsbanken AB
Credit Suisse AG
Dukascopy Bank SA
CTBC Bank Co. Limited
The Bank of New York Mellon
The Northern Trust Company
List of Financial Holding Companies in Malaysia
Affin Holdings Berhad
Alliance Financial Group
Avicennia Capital Sdn
CIMB Group Holdings
HLA Holdings Sdn Bhd
Hong Leong Financial Group
K&N Kenanga Holdings
Malaysian Industrial Development Finance
Maybank Ageas Holdings
RHB Capital Berhad
Tune Protect Group