The banking sector in the Netherlands is highly concentrated and dominated by a few large banks which account for approximately 80% of the market share. De Nederlandsche Bank, established on March 25, 1814, is the central bank of the country. Professor Klaas H.W. Knot is the current President of central bank. Dutch banking system employs approximately 70,000 people. Below is a list of the largest banks operating in the Netherlands.

ING Group

ING Group, headquartered in Amsterdam, is the largest financial institution in the Netherlands with EUR 905 billion in total assets and 54,800 employees as of March 31, 2019. The company operates in over 40 countries spanning Europe, North and Latin America, and Asia-Pacific region. In Australia, it operates through ING Bank (Australia) Limited (formerly ING Direct Australia), country's first direct bank and one of the largest mortgage lenders in Australia. The Group is rated A-, Baa1 and A+ by Standard & Poor's, Moody's and Fitch, respectively. As of July 1, 2019, the company had a market capitalization of US$45 billion.

Rabobank

Based in Utrecht, Rabobank is the second-largest bank in the Netherlands in terms of total assets. It serves over 7.3 million Dutch customers and 1 million international clients. It is a cooperative bank operating across all financial markets in the country. It maintains 409 domestic retail branches and 101 local Rabobanks as well as operations in 38 countries. As of December 31, 2018, the company posted EUR 590.437 billion in total assets, EUR 436.591 billion in customer loans and EUR 342.410 billion in customer deposits.

ABN AMRO

ABN AMRO Group N.V. is the third-largest bank in the Netherlands. It operates through four business areas: Retail Banking, Private Banking, Corporate Banking and Capital Markets, with main focus on the Netherlands. The company is also active in the UK, France, Luxembourg, Germany and Belgium as well as has representative offices and branches in New York, Hong Kong, Singapore, Shanghai, Oslo, Chicago, Dubai, Sydney, Athens, Tokyo, Frankfurt and Dallas. In domestic market, ABN AMRO maintains an extensive network of over 200 retail branches. The company’s total assets amounted to EUR 381 billion during FY 2018.

BNG Bank

BNG Bank N.V., headquartered in The Hague, offers specialized financial products for publicly owned organizations, including local authorities, housing associations, healthcare institutions and public utilities. The State of the Netherlands owns 50 percent of the Bank while the remainder is owned by municipal authorities and provinces. It was previously known as N.V. Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten and was renamed BNG Bank on August 27, 2018. The company was established in 1914 and employs over 300 staff. BNG’s credit rating is AA+ from Fitch, Aaa from Moody’s and AAA from Standard & Poor’s.

Nederlandse Waterschapsbank

Nederlandse Waterschapsbank (NWB Bank) is the fifth largest bank in the Netherlands in terms of total assets. It provides products and services to the Dutch public sector. The company offers short-term and long-term lending to water authorities, local authorities, provinces, educational and healthcare institutions, and for environmental projects. As of June 2018, the company’s long-term loans and advances reached EUR 46.817 billion. The Bank was established in 1954 and is headquartered at Rooseveltplantsoen 3, 2517 KR, Hague.

De Volksbank

De Volksbank NV is the sixth largest bank in the Netherlands by assets. With focus on retail market, it offers mortgages, deposit and lending products, credit cards, insurance, investments, payment services and online banking to individuals and small and medium-sized enterprises. The company operates under various brands comprising ASN Bank (one of the leading banks in sustainable banking), BLG Wonen, RegioBank and SNS. De Volksbank was previously known as SNS Bank and received its current name in 2017. Headquartered at Croeselaan 1, 3521 BJ Utrecht, it employs around 3,000 people (FTE), with balance sheet total of EUR 60.948 billion. All shares of the Bank are held by de Volksholding B.V., which owned by y Stichting administratiekantoor beheer financiële instellingen.

NIBC Bank

NIBC Bank N.V. is a Dutch commercial bank established in 1945 and headquartered at Carnegieplein 4, 2517 KJ Den Haag. With about 700 employees, it operates in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom, with a focus on following industries: fintech, financial sponsors, infrastructure, life sciences (pharma, biotechnology, and diagnostics companies), mid-market corporates (food, agriculture and retail sector), offshore energy, commercial real estate, technology (high tech, business software and ICT services) and transportation. The company provides products and services to over 400,000 retail customers and 600 mid-sized companies. It offers mortgage loans, savings and brokerage products, online banking, leveraged finance, corporate lending, receivables financing, asset & cash flow finance, mezzanine and equity solutions, mergers & acquisitions and debt & equity advisory services, among others. The Bank is a wholly-owned subsidiary of NIBC Holding N.V.

See also:

Branches of Foreign Banks in the Netherlands

Here is a list of branches and subsidiaries of foreign banks operating in the Netherlands.

Argenta
BigBank
Anadolubank
Bank of America Merrill Lynch (Amstelplein 1, Rembrandt Tower, 27th floor, Amsterdam)
Barclays Bank Plc, Amsterdam branch
BMO Global Asset Management Netherlands B.V.
BNP Paribas SA, Netherlands Branch
Brand New Day Bank N.V. (a subsidiary of Allianz Asset Management)
Crédit Agricole Consumer Finance Nederland B.V.
Credit Suisse Netherlands
Credit Suisse Securities (Nederland) B.V.
Citibank Europe Plc (Amsterdam Branch)
Credit Europe Bank N.V.
Deutsche Nederland N.V.
Deutsche Bank AG (Amsterdam Branch)
Demir-Halk Bank (DHB)
GarantiBank International N.V.
Goldman Sachs Holdings (Netherlands) B.V.
Goldman Sachs Trading and Clearing Services B.V.
HSBC Europe (Netherlands) B.V.
HSBC France, Amsterdam Branch
Intesa Sanpaolo Bank Luxembourg, Amsterdam Branch
ICBC (Europe) S.A. Amsterdam Branch
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Amsterdam Branch
Lloyds Bank Plc
Morgan Stanley & Co. International plc (Netherlands branch)
Morgan Stanley Investment Management Limited
MUFG Bank (Europe) N.V.
MUFG Securities (Europe) N.V.
NIBC Direct
Nomura Nederland N.V.
Royal Bank of Scotland Plc (ceased its activity in the Netherlands)
Santander Consumer Finance Benelux B.V.
Société Générale Bank Nederland N.V.
TD Bank N.V. is a subsidiary of The Toronto-Dominion Bank.
The Economy Bank NV (Permanently closed)
UBS Europe SE, Netherlands Branch (Amstelplein 1, Rembrandt Tower, 1096 HA Amsterdam)
Wells Fargo International B.V. (formerly Wachovia International B.V.)
Yapi Kredi Bank Netherlands N.V.